Table name: IRAS_FSC Records: 173044 Version: Version 2.0 Spectral Band: IRband Kind of Object: IRASLog Mode: Survey PreView: Coordinates: J2000
The PSC along with other aspects of the IRAS mission are explained in detail in the Explanatory Supplement to IRAS Catalogs and Atlases (1988).
The IRAS survey was designed to produce an extremely reliable catalog. The sky was scanned repeatedly by multiple detectors, and over half of the sky was covered by more than 12 individual detector scans per band. The PSC was produced by detecting sources in each of the individual detector scans, and then applying a series of stringent confirmation criteria to establish the reliability of those sources. This led to a reliability of the PSC which exceeded 99.997% over most of the sky, excluding cirrus sources, but at the cost of not reaching the full sensitivity attainable with the IRAS data.
The IRAS Faint Source Survey (FSS) has achieved roughly a one magnitude increase in sensitivity (a factor of approximately 2.5) relative to the PSC by coadding the data before extracting sources.
The FSS was produced by point-source filtering the individual detector data streams, and then coadding those data streams using a trimmed-average algorithm. Thus, confirmation is still applied to the data but in a much less stringent manner than was applied for the PSC. Three major data products were produced: images, a catalog, and its associated reject file.
The Faint Source Catalog (FSC) is a compilation of the sources extracted from the FSS plates that have met reasonable reliability requirements. For the faintest sources in the FSC, the reliability must exceed roughly 99% at 12 and 25 microns and 80% at 60 and 100 microns. The "false" 20% at 60 and 100 microns result primarily from the infrared cirrus. The catalog as a whole is at least 99% reliable at 12 and 25 microns, and approximately 93% at 60 and 100 microns (see Section III.D in the Faint Source Survey Supplement for further information). Although the reliability of the FSC cannot be as high as that of the PSC, which was > 99:997% at 12, 25 and 60 microns, and approximately 93% at 100 microns (due also to cirrus) overall, the FSC is still a highly reliable catalog, and can be used by astronomers with virtually the same degree of confidence with which the PSC has been used.
A copy of the documentation should accompany any computer-readable version of the catalog. The FITS Table header(s) in this file only give the basic format of the catalog. Please refer to the documentation or source reference for a more detailed discussion of the data.
Name Meaning name Source Name (IRAS designation) ra_ori 1950 Right Ascension dec_ori 1950 Declination major major semi-axis of the uncertainty ellipse (") minor minor semi-axis of the uncertainty ellipse (") posan position of major ellipse axis (from North, degrees) nid number of positional associations idtype type of object association: 1 for extragalactic, 2 for stellar 3 for other 4 for multiple catnb No. of nearby catalog sources f1 the fluxes in Janskys (= 10**-26 W/m/m/Hz) at 12 microns f2 the fluxes in Janskys (= 10**-26 W/m/m/Hz) at 25 microns f3 the fluxes in Janskys (= 10**-26 W/m/m/Hz) at 60 microns f4 the fluxes in Janskys (= 10**-26 W/m/m/Hz) at 100 mic. q_f1 qualities from 1 (high) to 3 for the first passband q_f2 qualities from 1 (high) to 3 for the second passband q_f3 qualities from 1 (high) to 3 for the third passband q_f4 qualities from 1 (high) to 3 for the fourth passband u_f1,2,3,4 uncertainty expressed in units of 100* (DEL )Flux / Flux snr1,2,3,4 (Signal/Noise) for passband lsnr1,2,3,4 Local Signal/Noise Ratio for passband area1,2,3,4 No. of pixels with flux 3 * noise nobs1,2,3,4 No. of individual detector sightings extnr1,2,3,4 No. of extractions within a radius of 6 arcmin noisc1,2,3,4 Noise correction factor noisr1,2,3,4 Ratio 85% to 68% of flux distribuition confuse Confusion flags (see IRAS_Flags) cirrus No. of nearby 100 micron only extraction ra 2000 Right Ascension dec 2000 Declination lii 2000 Galactic Longitude bii 2000 Galactic LatitudeFlags in the IRAS catalogue refer to the 4 passbands, and are hexa-encode:
12(mu_) 25(mu_) 60(mu) 100(mu_) 0 1 x 2 x 3 x x 4 x 5 x x 6 x x 7 x x x 8 x 9 x x A x x B x x x C x x D x x x E x x x F x x x x